Wednesday, June 27, 2007

Bandung Travel Agents List

Pacific Megah Tour Travel
Jl. Soka 9
Ph. +62.22.7214025

Nurhana Pertiwi
Jl. Sunda 2
Ph. +62.22.7333949

Mitra Buana Wisata
Jl. Bahagia Permai Raya 29
Ph. +62.22.7530961

Medita Putra Wisata
Jl. Dalam Kaum 130 C
Ph. +62.22.4236101

MM Travel
Jl. L.L.R.E Martadinata 145
Ph. +62.22.7272262

Leman Travel
Jl. Nilem 5
Ph. +62.22.7311157

Kangaroo Indonesia
Jl. Jend Sudirman 66-68 Hotel Perdana Wisata
Ph. +62.22.4200334

Jl. Lengkong Kecil 49
Ph. +62.22.4219988-4232865

Juru Cipta Semesta
Jl. Baranangsiang Komp ITC Kosambi G/8
Ph. +62.22.4262110

Jasa Sama Tour Travel
Jl. Baranangsiang Komp ITC Kosambi BI D-9
Ph. +62.22.4222127

Jackal Holidays Tour Travel
Jl. Gatot Subroto 46B
Ph. +62.22.7319888

Interlink Tour Travel
Jl. Wastukencana 5
Ph. +62.22.4235529

Putra Persada Mandiri
Jl. Dipatiukur 118
Ph. +62.22.2505925

Pusaka Nusantara
Jl. Trunojoyo 4
Ph. +62.22.4204466

Prima Lestari Tour Travel
Jl. Pasir Kaliki 146
Ph. +62.22.4264890

Persada Wisata Tour Travel
Jl. Sunda 93A
Ph. +62.22.4206592

Paslaten Tour Travel
Jl. Gatot Subroto 517
Ph. +62.22.7317941

Panorama Setrawisata
Jl. Pajajaran 89
Ph. +62.22.6002636

Surya Budaya Tour Travel
Jl. Ir H Juanda 381 A
Ph. +62.22.2501388

Setiabudi Travel
Jl. Dr. Setiabudhi 170A
Ph. +62.22.2038880

Satriavi Tour Travel
Jl. Asia Afrika 81
Ph. +62.22.4203657

Saptaji Travel
Jl. Hariangbanga 16
Ph. +62.22.4202260

Rvin Tour Travel
Jl. Gatot Subroto 201
Ph. +62.22.7311366

Ratu Expresindo
Veteran 46
Ph. +62.22.4239742

Gitawisata Tour Travel
Jl. Japati 1
Ph. +62.22.4521214

Khadim Wisata
Jl. Dipatiukur 1
Ph. +62.22.2508394

E Cordromp Moll
Jl. Halteu Utara 21
Ph. +62.22.6003001

Chartareksa Tour Travel
Jl. Cibadak 168-174
Ph. +62.22.6011774

Bina Citra Tour Travel
Jl. Guntur Sari Kulon 5
Ph. +62.22.7305972

Biang Utama
Jl. Lengkong Kecil 75
Ph. +62.22.4202575

Bhakti Sejahtera Inti Pratama
Jl. Moch Tohha 77
Ph. +62.22.5205807

Bandung City Tour
Jl. Soekarno Hatta 269
Ph. +62.22.5203903

AD tour
Jl. Surapati 203
Ph. +62.22.2508061

Suryaputra Adipradana
Jl. Soekarno Hatta 269
Ph. +62.22.5203905

Supper Ticket
Jl. Ir Juanda 43A
Ph. +62.22.4224343

Satria Putra Nusantara
Jl. Dr Djundjunan 153
Ph. +62.22.6123763

Jl. A Yani 308
Ph. +62.22.4250112

Excellent Holidays
Jl. Martanegara 16
Ph. +62.22.7320868

Ekindo Nusantara Tour Travel
Jl. A yani 221-223 Segitiga Mas BI G-7
Ph. +62.22.7279563

Yas Utama
Jl. Bahagia Permai Raya 9
Ph. +62.22.7502333

Wijaya Kusuma Tour Travel
Jl. Rajawali II/39
Ph. +62.22.6010861

Truly Kurnia Megah
Jl. Moh Toha Kompl Kurdi 65
Ph. +62.22.5221632

Tibi Tour TRavel
Jl. Emong 22
Ph. +62.22.7301137

Rizma Tour Travel
Jl. Gandapura 34
Ph. +62.22.7274535

Rajawali Tour Travel
Jl. Rajawali 73
Ph. +62.22.6079146

Pradana Travel
Jl. Gandapura 54
Ph. +62.22.7217300

Nusantara Travel
Jl. Ujung Berung 36
Ph. +62.22.7802087

Natrabu Tour & Travel
Jl. Aceh 71
Ph. +62.22.4240529

Mitra Saba Tour Travel
Jl. Banda 28
Ph. +62.22.4213631

Loppo Wisata Travel
Jl. Jend A yani 927
Ph. +62.22.7236341

Indopura Agrajasa
Jl. Pasundan 33
Ph. +62.22.4221575

Golden Sahara
Jl. Pasirkaliki 215
Ph. +62.22.2042125

Familia Tour & Travel
Jl. Purnawarman 10
Ph. +62.22.4265503

Eska Wisnunusantara Tour & Travel
Jl. Banteng 65
Ph. +62.22.7314974

Cermai Giri Indah
Komp Baros Indah Ruko 4 Cmi
Ph. +62.22.6629433

Aurel Widya Abadi Tour & Travel
Jl. Kawaluyaan Indah X/22
Ph. +62.22.7332007

Anta Express Tour & Travel
Jl. Pasirkaliki 150C
Ph. +62.22.4237566

Tradana Dwi Benua
Jl. Gandapura 54
Ph. +62.22.7231205

Jl. Merdeka 2
Ph. +62.22.4200460

Selecta Travel
Jl. L.L.R.E Martadinata 145
Ph. +62.22.7272262

Sari Holiday
Jl. Sukabumi 30
Ph. +62.22.7208238

Aman Sentosa Tour Travel
Jl. Dr. Cipto 6
Ph. +62.22.4209097

Pusaka Rama Express
Jl. Pasir Kaliki 25
Ph. +62.22.6004692

Jl. Sempurna 7
Ph. +62.22.2034221

Pesona Mudaprima Tour Travel
Jl. Sawunggaling 10
Ph. +62.22.4239963

Patra Panghegar Tour Travel
Jl. Merdeka 2 Hotel Panghegar
Ph. +62.22.4205554

Parahyangan Tour Travel
Jl. Kebon Kawung 16
Ph. +62.22.4203180

Pakar Utama
Jl. Ambon 3
Ph. +62.22.4211940

Nusantara Indah Travel
Jl. L.L.R.E Martadinata 145
Ph. +62.22.7272262

Mitra Kapota Wisata Tour Travel
Jl. Jend Gatot Subroto 32 Cmi
Ph. +62.22.6658100

Merdeka Wisata Putra
Jl. Purnawarman 10
Ph. +62.22.4203415

Mandarin Tour Travel
Jl. Kebon Kawung Kios 45-46-47
Ph. +62.22.4266251

Lintas Cakrawala Tour Travel
Jl. Bumi Panyileukan P-5/3 Ubr
Ph. +62.22.7809209

Koin Bumi Wisata
Jl. Dr Setiabudi 46
Ph. +62.22.2034600

BPW Pahala Kencana
Jl. L. RE Martadinata 146
Ph. +62.22.7231432

Kaula Kreasi Tour Travel
Jl. Turangga 17
Ph. +62.22.7306146

Eska Tour Travel
Jl. Kliningan 35
Ph. +62.22.7307534

Java Bali Indah Tour Travel
Jl. Moch Mesri 34
Ph. +62.22.4205248

Jasa Pesta Wisata
Jl. Pelajar Pejuang 45/107
Ph. +62.22.7315878

Internal Tour Travel
Jl. Purnawarman 2
Ph. +62.22.4203517

Golden Rama Express
Jl. Braga 5-11 Braga Plaza BI B/6
Ph. +62.22.4206522

Gita Persada Tour
Jl. Pungkur 115
Ph. +62.22.4262241

Duta Wisata Mandiri
Jl. Lengkong Kecil 42A
Ph. +62.22.4221920

Cipta Cahaya Terang
Jl. Cibadak 62
Ph. +62.22.4221545

Birama Idaman Express
Jl. Dipatiukur 23
Ph. +62.22.2504871

Bimatama Indonesia Estetika
Gg. Suniaraja 21
Ph. +62.22.4263366

Bhayangkara Tour Travel
Jl. Cihampelas 186
Ph. +62.22.2040765

Bayu Buana
Jl. L.L.R.E Martadinata 123
Ph. +62.22.7234299

Abadi Wisata
Jl. Moch Toha 5
Ph. +62.22.5201104

Tri Inti Manunggal
Jl. LL RE Martadinata 162
Ph. +62.22.7101182

Surya Gartindo Linggajati Tour
Jl. Cipaganti 111
Ph. +62.22.2031973

Shilla Tour
Jl. Asia Afrika 141-149
Ph. +62.22.4215168

Jl. Karapitan 87
Ph. +62.22.7333942

Jl. Soekarno Hatta 229
Ph. +62.22.6004143

Enhaii Tour Travel
Jl. Dr Setiabudhi 186
Ph. +62.22.2031483

Asamilan Indexs
Jl. Jend Sudirman 216
Ph. +62.22.6040200

Wisata Dwi KArya Tour Travel
Jl. Purwakarta 58
Ph. +62.22.7270428

Visata Expres Tour Travel
Jl. Raya Tangkuban Perahu Km 16-17 Lembang
Ph. +62.22.2786650

Citra Rotama Darma Tour & Travel
Jl. Taman Sari 42
Ph. +62.22.4214095

Tama Putera Wisata
Jl. Tongkeng 16
Ph. +62.22.4213884

Revin Erni Putra
Jl. Gatot Subroto 201
Ph. +62.22.7330005

Putra Palem Tour & Travel
Jl. Taman Siswa 3
Ph. +62.22.7301147

Panghegar Putra Saptawisata
Jl. Merdeka 2
Ph. +62.22.4232286

Ariyanti Tour & Travel
Jl. Pasirkaliki 127-131
Ph. +62.22.6021781

Exodus Tour & Travel
Jl. Pasirkaliki 186C
Ph. +62.22.4264899

Marala Wisata Abadi
Jl. Pelajar Pejuang 45 / 114-116
Ph. +62.22.7307923

Intan Wisata Nugratama
Jl. Nyland 4
Ph. +62.22.4266638-2505247


Clothing's Shopping Spree in Bandung

Bandung, also known as Paris van Java, has so many things to offer. From various cuisines to factory outlets and distribution stores (distros), visitors looking for clothes might be overwhelmed with the wide amount of choices. It is said that Bandung is one of the most prominent Meccas for Indonesian people, when it comes to clothes. The streets of Dago (Ir. H. Djuanda, Cipaganti, Riau (R.E.Martadinata), Cihampelas are packed with factory outlets. If you prefer clothes from jeans, choose Cihampelas street. While you're in Bandung, why not visit Cibaduyut street to shop for shoes and bags to brighten your appearance.

Ice Cream,Pastry and Drink in Bandung

Ice Cream and Pastry

Food in Bandung does not stop at the restaurants/cafes. There are plenties of bakeries in the city that you can buy some pastries. Some of them have high popularities that you must take a queue even before the shop is open in the morning.
* Kartika Sari, try the famous cake: pisang molen, a cake stuffed with banana. Very delicious. There are 6 stores: Jl. Kebon Jukut 3C, Jl. Buah Batu 165A, Jl. H. Akbar, Jl. Kopo Sayati 111A, Jl. Terusan Jakarta 77E, Jl. Ir. H. Juanda (Dago).
* Brownies Kukus Amanda, Jl. Rancabolang 29, Jl. Lodaya 8, Jl. Purwakarta. Try brownies kukus, a steamed brownies with melted chocolate inside. Soft and very delicious. It's very popular that you might have to queue before it opens.
* Brownies Primarasa, Jl. Kemuning 20, Jl. Buah Batu 169A, and Jl. Peta 169. It's speciality is the chocolate brownies.
* Dunkin Donuts, Jl. Ir. H. Juanda No. 51, Bandung. Tel.: (62)(22) 4208617. Airport Hussein Sastranegara. Bakery chain. Menu: donuts, croissant, sandwich. Price: approx. US$ 3/person.
* Sus Merdeka, Jl. Merdeka (in front of Bandung Indah Plaza). Famous for its Choux/Puff pastry with rum butter filling.

Ice cream:
* Braga Permai (formerly Maison Bogerijn), Jl Braga 58, Bandung 40111, Tel.: (62)(22)420 1831. Famous ice cream parlor in Bandung.
* Baskin and Robbins, Jl Sukajadi 232, Bandung 40153. Tel.: (62)(22) 203 8457. JL. RE Martadinata No. 225, Tel.: (62)(22) 720 8122. Jl. Gatot Subroto No. 289, Bandung 40273. Tel.: (62)(22) 910 1404. Istana Plaza, Jl. Pasir Kaliki 121-123 Bandung, Tel.: (62)(22) 6000403. Website: Baskin Robbins. Ice cream parlor.

As the sale of alcoholic drinks is to be banned at public restaurants (although you can find them in upscale public restaurants), it will be difficult to find liquor, except at bars, night clubs, hotels and 24-hour mini markets. However, drinking fresh icy yoghurt or juice is very tempting, especially after spending a day in a hot sun. These are some famous drinking places to try:
* Yoghurt Cisangkuy, Jl. Cisangkuy (near Gedung Sate complex). It has many flavours of fresh yoghurt with fresh fruits. Very suitable as a resting place after walking in the hot weather.
* Es Cendol Elizabeth, in front of the Elizabeth bag shop at Jl. Otto Iskandar Dinata and Jl. Cihampelas. Cendol is an Indonesian drink made with coconut and coconut milk, served with ice cubes and sweet brown sugar.
* Bandoeng Melk Centrale (BMC), Jl. Aceh 30, in an old Dutch colonial house. It's speciality is a fresh milk.
* Rumah Kopi, Jl. Awiligar (near baso Lela). It literally means "coffee house". They serve many kinds of coffee at cheap prices.
* Susu segar Lembang, at many street vendors in Lembang. It is outside the city, but it can be nice to stop if you do a sidetrip to Lembang.
* Es Sekoteng Bungsu, Jl. Bungsu 29. Es sekoteng is a grated ice cube with avocado, young coconut and kolang-kaling (some local preserved fruit).
In Malaysia and Singapore, bandung is also known as a drink, but it is not related to the city of Bandung at all. From an unconfirmed story, the pink rosewater-and-syrup concoction bandung drink was named after banned and dung by a British official during the colonial time, because of the bad taste as he said.

Bandung Legendary Eateries & Restaurants

Legendary Eateries

Have been around for years and still famous for their delicious food:

* Sate Kardjan, Jl. Pasirkaliki, every day 24h. Lamb satay speciality, since 1970. Try sate buntel (a grilled minced lamb meat), tongseng (lamb meat in a coconut milk soup), nasi goreng kambing (fried rice with lamb) or sate cempe (satay from 10 month old lamb).

* Bubur Ayam Mang Oyo, Jl. Sulanjana (near Gasibu) and several branches. It's a chicken porridge. Nice for starting your day.

* Kedai Ma' Uneh, Jl. Terasana I No. 132 Pajajaran. It's in an alley in front of Pajajaran sport complex. Delicious Sundanese food.

* Baso Lela, Jl. Awiligar, everyday open until 9 PM. It's new but getting popular. It's in the hill side of Bandung with a nice view to the city. Try yamien, a dried boiled noodle, mixed with soy sauce. There are sweet yamien and salt yamien. Try also chicken noodle and the strawberry juice as a dessert.

* Santosa, Jl. Aceh, everyday open from 5 PM until 9.30 PM. It's a nice hawker open tent, favourite place not only for students from many universities in Bandung, but also for youngster in Bandung. Open since '60s. Try the fried kway teow/noodle/rice. They are using a special wok to enhance the taste.

Located opposite of kotamadya office, near KONI Jabar dorm.

Chic Restaurants
For those who want a breathtaking view, eat in a local Sundanese village or have romantic international cuisine. Don't expect the taste to be half as good as the view and experience though.

* Kampung Daun, Jl Sersan Bajuri Km 4.7 No 88 Villa Trinity Complex (you need to drive with your own car there). Sundanese food. Designed with natural elements as you eat at a hut in the middle of padi field, small waterfall and river. At night it's really amazing to walk along candlelit pathways. Eating out really means eating out here.

* Sierra Cafe & Lounge, Jl. Bukit Pakar no 33. Located on the hill of Dago Pakar in Bandung, Sierra delivers a relaxing and indulging ambience with a breathtaking view of Bandung's city light. International cuisines (Western, Japanese and Thailand).

* Kedai Nyonya Rumah, Jl. Naripan 92. Indonesian cuisines. The interior design is very relaxing, giving a nice eating experience.

* Tizis Restaurant, Jl. Kidang Pananjung 3. European dishes with homemade bread and pastries. A well-known expats place to dine.

* Blackpepper resto & cafe, Jl. Maulana yusuf no 10 ( dago area )phone : 022-4206147. Western and indonesian cuisines. Try the special blackpepper jeng tutut ( snail ), original blackpepper oyster. Nice atmosphere , excellent service and delicious food and mocktail also.

* Atmosphere Cafe, Jl. Lenkong Besar no 97

Sundanese Restaurants

Sunda is the ethnic name of the local people living in West Java. Sundanese food has some distinctive features than other ethnics. It mainly consists of fried fish, pepes ikan (steamed fish in a banana leaf), raw vegetables and chili pastes. To try these type of foods, there are numerous Sundanese restaurants. Some with famous name has many branches in Bandung and the vicinity. Some of the popular ones are:

* Sindang Reret, Jl. Surapati No. 53, Tel. (+62)-22-2501474. The other branche is outside the city in the north: Jl. Raya Cikole Km.22 Lembang, Tel. (+62)-22-2786500. The good one is the branch restaurant (see the Lembang Trip).

* Ponyo, Jl. Malabar 60, Tel. (+62)-22-7301477. There are many branches outside the city.

* AA Laksana, Jl. Soekarno Hatta 494, Tel. (+62)-22-7509303. There are 2 other branches: Jl. Jakarta 21 and Jl. Cihampelas 30. A big self-service eatery with long tables already filled with plates of food. Take what you want and ask the server to count the plates when finished.

Asian Restaurants

* Coca Suki, Jl. Ir. H. Juanda (Dago) 173. A branch of Thailand restaurant Coca [7].

* Hoka Hoka Bento, Jl. Merdeka 47 Tel.: (62)(22) 424 5494. Japanese Restaurant. Menu: ekkado, chicken katsu, sukiyaki, koori kon nyaku, shrimp ball, beef yakiniku, shabu-shabu, teriyaki, udon. Opening hours: 10.00 - 22.00. Price: approx. US$ 4/person.

* Hanamasa, Istana Plaza. Jl. PasirKaliki. Jl. Merdeka 39-41 Telp: (62)(22) 4204426. Japanese restaurant. Menu: yakiniku, shabu-shabu, robatayaki, beef, chicken, seafood. Opening hours: 11.00 AM to 10.00 PM. Price: approx. US$ 22/person.

* Sushi Tei, Jl.Sumatra No.9. Telp : (62) (22) 4223181

estern Restaurants

* Glosis Restaurant at Cihampelas Walk (Ciwalk). Jl. Cihampelas, Bandung. Price: approx. US 8/person

* Cafe Venezia. Jl. Sukajadi 205, Bandung. Telp.: (62)(22) 2031277. Italian restaurant. Menu: pasta, pizza, fried chicken, salad, soup. Opening hours: 09.00 - 23.00. Price: approx. US$ 15/person.

* Tamani Cafe, Jl. H. Juanda 7-9, Bandung. Tel.: (62)(22) 422 2696. Fax: (62)(22) 422 2697. International fast food. Menu: chicken cordon blue, egg and tofu, soup, salad, onion ring. Price: approx. US$ 8/person.

* Tony Roma's Jl. Sumatra 1, Bandung 40000 West Java Tel: (62)(22) 422 4656. Fax: (62)(22) 422 4660. American Restaurant. Menu: ribs, steaks, soup, salad. Price: splurge.

* Canary. Jl. Ir. H. Juanda 28, Bandung. Tel.: (62)(22) 423 8928. International Restaurant. Menu: hamburger, steak, fried chicken, sate, soup, salad. Opening hours: 07.00 - 21.00. Price: approx. US$ 7/person.

List of hotels in Bandung

North Bandung / Dago / Jl. H. Juanda:

Holiday Inn Jl. Ir. H. Juanda (Dago) 31-33, Bandung 40116, ph: +62 22 4211333 ( fax: +62 22 4216666) [8] - lower Dago area. Class: 4 Stars.

Sheraton Inn Jl. Ir. H. Juanda (Dago) 390, Bandung 40135, ph: +62 22 2500303 (fax: +62 22 2500301) [9] - upper Dago area, close to the dago golf center. Class: 5 Stars.
Jayakarta Jl. Ir. H. Juanda (Dago) 381A, Bandung 40135, h: +62 22 2505888 ( fax: +62 22 2505388) [10] - upper Dago area. Class: 4 Stars.
Patra Jasa, Patra Jasa Bandung. Jl. Ir. H. Juanda 132. Bandung 40132. Tel.: (62)(22) 250 4664. Fax : (62)(22) 250 4995. Close to Bandung Institute of Technology. Class: 2 stars.
Central Bandung:
Aston Jl. Braga 99-101, Bandung 40111, ph: +62 22 84460000 (fax: +62 22 84460100) [11] - a new hotel inside the Braga City Walk. Class: 4 stars.
Grand Preanger Jl. Asia-Afrika 81, Bandung 40111, ph: 0-800-182-1112 (toll free) or +62 22 4231631 ( fax: +62 22 4231631) [12] - alun-alun area, the facade has an art-deco style. Class: 5 stars.
Panghegar Jl. Merdeka 2, Bandung 40111, Tel.: (62)(22) 4232286 ( fax: +62 22 4231583) [13] - at the city center with a revolving restaurant at the roof. Class: 3 Stars.
Hyatt Regency, Jl. Sumatera 51, Bandung 40115, Tel.: (62)(22) 4211234 ( fax: +62 22 4210380) [14] - at the city center. Class: 5 Stars.
Santika Jl. Sumatera 52-54, Bandung 40115. Tel: (62)(22) 420 3009 ( fax: +62 22 4239601) [15] - at the city center.
Savoy Homann Jl. Asia-Afrika 112, Bandung 40261. Tel.: (62)(22) 4232244 ( fax: +62 22 4236187) [16] - alun-alun area, colonial style with an art-deco interior design. Class: 4 Stars.
Novotel Bandung Jalan Cihampelas No 23, Bandung,40171. Tel: (62) (22) 4211001. ([17]- Fax: +62 22 4212999. Newest hotel in Bandung! Class : 4 Stars
Malya Jl. Ranca Bentang 56-58, Bandung 40142, ph: +62 22 2030333( fax: +62 22 2030633) [18] - superb view to the northern hills and try the swimming pool. Class: 3 Stars.
Arion Swiss Bellhotel (formerly Citra Cikopo), Jl. Otto Iskandardinata no. 16 Bandung 40171, Tel.: (62)(22) 4240000. Fax: (62)(22) 4266270. Class: 4 Stars.
Grand Aquila Jl. Dr. Djundjunan (Terusan Pasteur) 116, Bandung 40173, ph: +62 22 2039280 ( fax: +62 22 2039282) [19] - nearby the Pasteur toll gate. Class: 5 Stars.
Papandayan Jl. Jend. Gatot Subroto 83, Bandung 40262, ph: +62 22 7310799 ( fax: +62 22 7310988) [20]. Class: 4 Stars.
Horison Jl. Pelajar Pejuang 121, Bandung 40264. Tel.: (62)(22) 7305000 [21] - in the residential Buah Batu area. Class: 4 Stars.

Bandung Local Delicacies

Bakso Tahu / Siomay is a steamed meat with/without tofu. It is served with peanut paste, sweet soy sauce and a lime. It is suitable for a snack, eat at anytime. In almost all streets you can find somebody selling this food with a wheeled stall (gerobak). The popular place is called Siomay Pak Lili at Jl. Geger Kalong Girang that has sold this food for 15 years.

* Batagor is similar to bakso tahu/siomay but it is fried instead of being steamed. It is served similar with peanut paste and sweet soy sauce. Served also as a snack. Legends are Kingsley at Jl. Veteran, selling this food already for 28 years, and Batagor Riri [6] at Jl. Burarangrang 41 (in front of the BCA building).

* Martabak is a fried stuffed pancake. There are two types: sweet and salty. Sweet martabak is a thick pancake stuffed with chocolate/cheese/banana/sugar. The salty martabak is a thin fried pancake stuffed with eggs, some vegetables, mushrooms, chicken/beef. The most popular ones are Martabak Lodaya and Martabak San Fransisco at Jln. Lodaya.

* Soto Bandung is a soup with beef meat, soy beans and some vegetables. The old food stalls selling this food is at Soto Ojolali, Jl. Cibadak (near alun-alun), since 1940s.

* Lotek is a mixed boiled vegetables, served with peanut paste and some chillies, similar to gado gado. The hotter the better. The famous place is Lotek Kalipah Apo, Jl. Kalipah Apo, every day 9AM-16PM. Have been selling this food for already 48 years. One plate is about Rp. 4500, very cheap.

* Mie Kocok is a noodle soup, served with beef foot, beef skin and tauge or mung bean sprout. If you don't fancy with these parts of beef, then you can ask not to have it and you can still taste its appetite. The famous place is a street vendor, Mie Kocok SKM, at Jl. Sunda.

* Mie Ayam is a noodle soup served with chicken and it comes with a variety of toppings. The famous place is at Mie Naripan, they serve varieties of good noodles there. Another good place is at Bakmi Mangkok Mas in Jl. Setiabudhi.

* Nasi Timbel is the famous Sundanese dish. It is a tube-shaped rice that has a distinguish flavour, because it is cooked inside a banana leaf. It is usually served with lalapan (raw vegetables), fried tofu & tempe, fried chicken and chili paste. You can find this type of dish in most of Sundanese restaurants. The well-known timbel food stall is located nearby Istiqomah mosque. Another good place is at Nasi Timbel Dago at Jl. Dago. One plate cost about Rp. 20.000.
* Laksa Bandung is the famous old traditional dish. This dish is kind of chicken soup using coconut milk with turmeric for the stock, and in side is contains rice cake (cooked inside a banana leaf), bean sprout, vermicelli, shredded chicken and for the finishing is garnished with holly basil and Oncom Bandung the traditional fermented soy bean cake. The well-known Laksa vendor is located at the junction of Jl. Pungkur and Lengkong Pondok Laksa. Its cheap and very appetite. One plate cost about Rp.7000


Bandung Shopping Malls

Alun-alun/Centre of the city. In the alun-alun area there are many shopping malls, but they are rather old.

Cihampelas Walk (Ciwalk),
Jl. Cihampelas. Website: Cihampelas Walk. Shopping, dining and hanging out in a cozy and relaxing atmosphere.
Bandung Electronic Center (BEC),
Jl. Purnawarman 13-15. Specializing in computers and cellphone.
Bandung Indah Plaza (BIP), Jl. Merdeka 56. Food court, cinema.
Bandung Supermall (BSM), Jl. Gatot Subroto 289. Food court, cinema.
Bandung Trade Center, Jl. Terusan Pasteur 143. Food Court.
Braga City Walk, Jl. Braga. Website: Braga City Walk. Shopping complex at the heart of the famous Braga street.
Istana Plaza, Jl. Pasirkaliki 121 - 123. Website: Istana Plaza. Free wireless internet, assisted taxi stand, cinema, shopping reward programs, and ice skating ring.
Kings Plaza, Jl. Kepatihan. Food court, fashion, cinema.
Setrasari Mal, Jl. Surya Sumantri 120. Food court. Near universities.
Paris Van Java , Jl Sukajadi

Bandung Outdoor Activities

* Alun-alun Bandung or city square. Alun-alun is the classical central core of the democratic city in Indonesia, since the 15th century. It is typically a square of grass field with 4 sides are the city major residence, pendopo (a place to meet between citizens and the government), a mosque and a prison. The grand mosque is still visible, though it has been renovated 7 times. Now, it has undergone a major renovation and expansion with two 81 m high minarets and a Taj Mahal interior design. The pendopo is also still there, behind a high wall. The prison has been transformed into a mall with one block is preserved as a museum, a cell block where Soekarno, the first president of Indonesia, spent some time in there. The major transition is that now alun-alun serves as an entertainment park, where shopping mall buildings are surrounding the square.

* Bandung Zoo, built in 1930.
Location: Jalan Kebun Binatang No. 6 Bandung 40132. Tel: (+62)-22-2502770.

* Mt. Tangkuban Perahu.
You can see it at almost anywhere in Bandung, but it is not complete before you see its crater. If you're in Bandung, take a look at the north side and find an unusual shape of mountain. Tangkuban = flipped and perahu = boat mean the shape of the mountain looks like a flipped boat. It's still an active volcanic mountain. The crater is reachable by car, though it is fun to do hiking to the top by foot from Lembang. Its elevation is 2084 m above the sea level and the path from Lembang is not too steep. At the crater, it is a touristic spot. You can smell the sulfur, watch the hot water springs very closely or even buy a boiled egg from the hot surface.
Location: northern side of Bandung, the closest city is Lembang.
Angkot route: St. Hall-Lembang.

* Juanda Forest Park or Dago Pakar. The official name is Taman Hutan Raya ir. H. Juanda. It is a forest park, serves as a water reservoir for the city. There are some interesting parks for children or to have a picnic there. There are also some old WW II caves during the Japanese era. Some people walk through the forest to reach Maribaya park in Lembang. Location: at the end of Jalan Dago.
Angkot routes: Abd. Muis-Dago and followed by walking or take a ride by motorcycle.

* Punclut-Lembang Hiking trail. Started from Punclut, Jalan Kiputih, North Bandung.

Bandung Cinema

The ticket prices are based on the days, in which monday as the cheapest ticket price, and weekends as the most expensive price.

- BSM XXI, Bandung Supermal Lt. 3, Jl. Jend. Gatot Subroto. Telp. (022) 910 1121. 5 screens. Ticket price: Rp. 10,000 - 20,000
- Blitz Megaplex, Mall Paris Van Java, Jl. Sukajadi 136-139. Telp. (022) 820 63630. 9 screens. Ticket price: Rp. 10,000 - 25,000
- Braga 21, Braga City Walk Lt. 2, Jl. Braga 99-101. Telp. (022) 844 60121. 3 screens. Ticket price: Rp. 10,000 - 15,000
- CiWalk 21, Cihampelas Walk Lt. 3, Jl. Cihampelas 160. Telp. (022) 206 1121. 3 screens. Ticket price: Rp. 10,000 - 20,000
- CiWalk XXI, Cihampelas Walk Lt. 4, Jl. Cihampelas 160. 4 screens. Ticket price: Rp. 15,000 - 25,000
- Empire 21, Bandung Indah Plaza Lt. 3, Jl. Merdeka 56. Telp. (022) 424 0719. 6 screens. Ticket price: Rp. 10,000 - 20,000
- Galaxy 21, Jl. Kepatihan. Telp. (022) 420 8143. 6 screens. Ticket price: Rp. 10,000 - 15,000
- Nusantara 21, Jl. Alun-Alun Timur No. 3-7. Telp. (022) 4237 040. 4 screens. Ticket price: Rp. 10,000 - 13,000
- Regent 21, Jl. Sumatra 2. Telp. (022) 423 6370. 3 screens. Ticket price: Rp. 10,000 - 15,000

Bandung Art & Science

Bandung has been the melting point between the local Sundanese culture with the high-end technology developed at the Institute Technology Bandung. There are some interesting places to visit:

* Saung Angklung Udjo.
Angklung is a traditional South-East Asian musical instrument, made by bamboo. Udjo Nalagena, a famous angklung artist, created an Angklung House in the outskirt of Bandung, where angklung is made, learned and played. You can enjoy an angklung orchestra played by 12 year old or less children or even be a part of this orchestra, holding one of the angklung instrument. The place is in the middle of padi terrace and bamboo field, a perfect location to feel the relaxness of a small village. It is one of the famous travel destination among westerners and is highly recommended.
Location: Jl. Padasuka 118, around 7km from Bandung.
How to get there: The easiest way is to rent a car to go there or ask your travel agent if there is a program to visit this place.

* Bosscha Observatorium
Built in 1923 by Nederlandsch-Indische Sterrekundige Vereeniging (Assoc. of Dutch-Indies Astronomers) is the only observatorium in Indonesia. It lies in Lembang, a small suburb city in the northern part of Bandung. It is now part of the Dept. of Astronomy, Institute Technology Bandung. Location: Jl. Peneropongan Bintang, Lembang 40391. Tel: (+62) 22-2786001. E-mail: administration[at] To visit there, ask the department administration first for a reservation. Some visiting notes:
o Reservation must be made 1 month before.
o Bosscha is closed on national holidays, Sunday and Monday.
o Day visit at 9:00, 12:00 (except Friday at 13:00) and 15:00.
o Public night (17:00-19:30), between April-October, with some presentations and demos. Ask there for a specific date as this public night is open at the 7th & 8th of the lunar month.
o Special visit can be arranged and subject to their avaibility.

* Geological Museum, houses 250.000 rocks and mineral collection, and 60.000 fossils.
There are 3 major rooms in the museums: the geology of Indonesia, the history of life and the geology of human life. The building itself has an art-deco style, built in 1928 by a Dutch architect Wnalda van Scholtwenburg.
Location: Jl. Diponegoro 57, Bandung. (near Gedung Sate complex). Tel: (+62)-22-7203205. Visiting time: every day 09:00-15:00 except Friday.

Bandung Architectural Jewels

In the late 18th and early 19th century, as locals called it the bandoeng tempoe doeloe (old Bandung) era, there were many buildings built with an art-deco style. The city that had served as a weekend resort for European richmen has made these type of buildings possible. Unfortunately the city administration has a tendency to create a modern look of the city with suspension bridge, banks, malls and commercial areas, instead of preserving old historical buildings. The non-profit organization Bandung Heritage Society has been formed recently to save these jewels forever.

Who is C.P.W. Schoemaker?
Born in Ambarawa (Central Java) in 1882, Schoemaker has been renowned as the father of Bandung Art-Deco architectural style. He is famous for blending modern European architecture, but closely related to the tropical surroundings. This blending of ancient decorative elements and modern architectural features has made him the best Indonesian architect at that time. He later became a professor at the Institute Technology Bandung. Among of his student is ir. Soekarno, the first president of the Republic of Indonesia. He died in 1949 in the city that he loved and buried at the Pandu cemetery, Bandung.
When visiting Bandung, don't forget to visit his residence at Jl. Sawunggaling 2, where its heroic renovation has been awarded by UNESCO.
His artworks include: Gedung Merdeka, Villa Isola, facade of the Grand Preanger Hotel, Cipaganti mosque, Cathedral at Jl. Merdeka, Church at Jl. Wastukencana, the Majestic theater, Gedung PLN, Landmark building at Jl. Braga, etc.
Make sure you see these buildings before they're gone.

* Villa Isola, Jl. Dr. Setiabudhi 229.
Architect: C.P.W. Schoemaker. Built in 1932 for an Italian millionaire D.W. Berretty as a villa. It lies in the northern part of Bandung, overlooking the city to south and the Tangkuban Perahu mountain to the north. Villa Isola and its 2 gardens have a magnificent design by its architect, combining the unique landscape and the Indo-European architectural style. This monumental art was later used for a hotel, named Hotel de Luxe. Now it serves as UPI's (University of Education Indonesia) headmastership building.

* Gedung Merdeka, Jl. Asia-Afrika 65 (near alun-alun or city square).
Architect: Van Gallen Last and C.P.W Schoemaker. Built in 1895 for a club house for rich people, named the Concordia Society. In 1955, this building was famous as the first Asian-African conference venue. Now it is a museum for that conference.

* Savoy Homann Hotel, Jl. Asia-Afrika 112, (+62)-22-4232244. it was built in 1880, renovated in 1938 by a Dutch architect A.F. Aabers with an art-deco style as it is seen today. It still serves a hotel until now. The King and Queen of Siam, The Prince and Queen of Belgium, The Governor General of Indo-China, The Duchess of Westminster and even Charles Chaplin had stayed there three times. You can also still stay in this hotel and enjoying the old colonial time.

* Grand Hotel Preanger, Jl. Asia-Afrika 81.
It has two sides: the old facade and the modern wing side. The old facade has an interesting story, as C.P.W. Schoemaker designed the art-deco style that is blended with local culture. It was a controversial issue at that time, but that gives a unique style.

Gedung Sate, Bandung.Gedung Sate, Bandung.
* Gedung Sate, Jl. Diponegoro.
Architect: J. Gerber, built in 1921. It was used as the head of the Dutch Indies Government Companies. The roof has a decoration of a popular satay food as now it is famous for the name, though it was not meant to be like that. In fact, it is a 6 ornaments, symbolizing 6 million guldens, the cost of the building. Now, the complex is the office of West Java governor and the local provincial house of representatives. Interesingly, this building mixes different architectural styles: Spanish moorish style for the windows, Italian reinaissance for the overal building, and between Balinese pura & Thai's pagoda for the roof. The facade faces directly to the Mt. Tangkubanperahu. The building is open for public, and at the end of the journey inside, you can sip a nice hot bajigur drink while watching the city view from the top floor.

* Cipaganti Mosque, Jl. Cipaganti.
Architect: C.P.W. Schoemaker, built in 1933. It was the only mosque that was built in the European residential area in the northern part of Bandung. The central facade still has the original design, but the mosque has been expanded to both of its side.

* ITB West and East Hall (Aula Barat & Timur ITB), Jl. Ganesha 10.
ITB is Institute Technology Bandung, the oldest institute of technology in Indonesia. It was built in 1918 by the architect Maclaine Pont. The most prominent Dutch East Indian architecture is the West and East Hall of this insitute, where a West Sumatran style of architecture was used.

List of Presidents & Vice Presidents of Indonesia

List of Presidents of Indonesia

1 Soekarno 18 August 1945 12 March 1967 [1] Indonesian National Party
2 Soeharto 12 March 1967 21 May 1998 Golkar
3 Jusuf Habibie 21 May 1998 20 October 1999 Golkar
4 Abdurrahman Wahid 20 October 1999 23 July 2001 National Awakening Party
5 Megawati Soekarnoputri 23 July 2001 20 October 2004 Indonesian Democratic Party-Struggle
6 Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono 20 October 2004 (present) Democratic Party

List of Vice Presidents of Indonesia
1 Dr. Mohammad Hatta (1945 - 1956)
2 Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX (1973 -1978)
3 Adam Malik (1978 - 1983)
4 Umar Wirahadikusumah (1983 - 1988)
5 Sudharmono (1988 - 1993)
6 Try Sutrisno (1993 - 1998)
7 Jusuf Habibie (1998)
8 Megawati Soekarnoputri (1999 - 2001)
9 Hamzah Haz (2001 - 2004)
10 Jusuf Kalla (2004

Information technology today

Today, the term Information Technology has ballooned to encompass many aspects of computing and technology, and the term is more recognizable than ever before. The Information Technology umbrella can be quite large, covering many fields. IT professionals perform a variety of duties that range from installing applications to designing complex computer networks and information databases. A few of the duties that IT professionals perform may include:

Data Management

Data management comprises all the disciplines related to managing data as a valuable resource. The official definition provided by DAMA is that "Data Resource Management is the development and execution of architectures, policies, practices and procedures that properly manage the full data lifecycle needs of an enterprise." This definition is fairly broad and encompasses a number of professions which may not have direct technical contact with lower-level aspects of data management, such as relational database management.
Topics in Data Management include:
Data analysis
Data modeling
Database administration
Data warehousing
Data movement
Data mining
Data quality assurance
Data security
Meta-data management (data repositories, and their management)
Data architecture

Computer Networking
Computer networking is the engineering discipline concerned with communication between computer systems or devices. Such communicating computer systems constitute a computer network and these networks generally involve at least two devices capable of being networked with at least one usually being a computer. The devices can be separated by a few meters (e.g. via Bluetooth) or nearly unlimited distances (e.g. via the Internet). Computer networking is sometimes considered a sub-discipline of telecommunications, and sometimes of computer science, information technology and computer engineering. Computer networks rely heavily upon the theoretical and practical application of these scientific and engineering disciplines.
A computer network is any set of computers or devices connected to each other. Examples of networks are the Internet, a wide area network that is the largest to ever exist, or a small home local area network (LAN) with two computers connected with standard networking cables connecting to a network interface card in each computer.

Database Systems Design
Software design
Software design is a process of problem-solving and planning for a software solution. After the purpose and specifications of software is determined, software developers will design or employ designers to develop a plan for a solution.
The software requirements analysis (SRA) step of a software development process yields specifications that are used in software engineering. If the software is "semiautomated" or user centered, software design may involve user experience design yielding a story board to help determine those specifications. If the software is completely automated (meaning no user or user interface), a software design may be as simple as a flow chart or text describing a planned sequence of events. There are also semi-formal methods like Unified Modeling Language and Fundamental modeling concepts. In either case some documentation of the plan is usually the product of the design.
A software design may be platform-independent or platform-specific, depending on the availability of the technology called for by the design

Management Information Systems
Management Information Systems (MIS) is a general name for the academic discipline covering the application of people, technologies, and procedures — collectively called information systems — to solve business problems. MIS are distinct from regular information systems in that they are used to analyze other information systems applied in operational activities in the organisation.[1] Academically, the term is commonly used to refer to the group of information management methods tied to the automation or support of human decision making, e.g. Decision Support Systems, Expert systems, and Executive information systems.[1]

Systems management
Systems management refers to enterprise-wide administration of distributed computer systems. Systems management is strongly influenced by network management initiatives in telecommunications. The most known systems management systems are IBM Tivoli Framework, Microsoft Systems Management Server, HP OpenView, LANDesk, Novell ZENworks, BMC Patrol and CA Unicenter


Indonesian Online

Bandung Online

Bandung Sports

Bandung is the home town of the soccer team Persib Bandung. Another soccer team Persikab is based in neighbouring city of Cimahi, part of Bandung Regency. The most popular football stadium is Siliwangi Stadium.

Other popular sports in Bandung include badminton and basketball. The roads leading up to Lembang and Dago are popular routes for mountain cycling during the weekend. In the hillside around Bandung, there are a couple of golf courses

Bandung Tourism industry

Bandung has served for popular weekend-break destination for people living in Jakarta for many reasons. The cooler climate of highland plantation area, the varieties of food, the cheaper fashion shops located in factory outlets and distros, golf courses, and the friendliness of local people have become the main attraction of the city.

In the 1990s, local designers opened denim clothing stores along Cihampelas Street which gave Bandung another nickname, the "Tourist Shopping City" (Kota Wisata Belanja). It was a success as the-then residential street was been fully transformed into a "jeans street". The city attracts people from other big cities to buy local fashion wears, as they are cheaper than branded items.
The city gained more shoppers to come when textile factories in the outskirt of Bandung opened a fashion store that sells their products directly from the factory. The products are tagged as sisa export (rejected or over-produced export quality items) and these shops are called factory outlets. The trend was followed by another factory outlets

Bandung Culture

Bandung is the capital of West Java, a province of which most of its residents are mainly Sundanese people. Sundanese language is spoken a second language after Indonesian and it is commonly used as an informal language for communication in streets and markets.

A popular traditional musical instrument is angklung, made of parallel bamboo tubes tuned to specific frequencies with a hammer and is shaken to produce certain notes. Music is performed by a choir of angklung players, each of whom are responsible for sounding certain notes. Its melody is only slightly different from that of Central Java's gamelan ensembles.

Bandung History

The earliest reference to the city dates back to 1488, but archaeological findings suggest a type of Homo erectus species had lived on the banks of the Cikapundung River and around the old lake of Bandung.[8] During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the Dutch East Indies Company (VOC) opened plantations in the Bandung area. A supply road connecting Batavia (now Jakarta), Bogor, Cianjur, Bandung, Sumedang and Cirebon was built in 1786. In 1809, Louis Napoleon, the ruler of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and its colonies, ordered the Dutch Indies Governor H.W. Daendels to increase the defensive systems of Java against the British from India. Daendels built a road, stretching approximately 1,000 km (621 miles) from the west to the east coast of Java, and passing through Bandung.[9][10] In 1810, the road was laid down in Bandung and was named De Groote Postweg (or the 'main post road'), the present-day site of Asia-Afrika Street. Under Daendels' orders, R.A. Wiranatakusumah II, the chief administration of the Bandung regency at that time, moved its office from Krapyak, in the south, to a place near a pair of holy city wells (sumur Bandung), the present-day site of the city square (alun-alun). He built his dalem (palace), masjid agung (the grand mosque) and pendopo (public-official meeting place) in the classical orientation.[11] The pendopo faces Tangkuban Perahu mountain, which was believed to have a mystical ambience.

In 1880, the first major railroad between Batavia and Bandung was built,[12] boosting light industry in Bandung. Chinese who had previously never lived in the city flocked to help run facilities, services and selling vendor machines. The old Chinatown district in Bandung is still recognisable in the railroad station vicinity. In 1906, Bandung was given the status of gemeente (municipality) and then later as stadsgemeente (city municipality) in 1926.
In the beginning of the 1920s, the Dutch East Indies government made plans to move the capital of Dutch East Indies from Batavia to Bandung. Accordingly, during this decade, the Dutch colonial government started building military barracks, the central government building (Gouvernments Bedrijven, the present-day Gedung Sate) and other government buildings. This plan, however, was cut short by World War II after which the Dutch were not able to re-established their colony.
The fertile area of the Parahyangan Mountains surrounding Bandung supports productive tea plantations. In the nineteenth century, Franz Junghuhn introduced the cinchona (kina) plant.[13] With its cooler elevated landscape, surrounded by major plantations, Bandung became an exclusive European resort area.[14] Rich plantation owners visited the city on weekends, attracting girls and businessmen from the capital, Batavia. Braga Street grew into a promenade street with cafes, restaurants and boutique shops. Two art-deco style hotels, Savoy Homann and Preanger, were built in the vicinity of the Concordia Society, a club house for the wealthy with a large ballroom and a theatre.[12] The nickname "Parijs van Java" was given to the city.
After the Indonesian Independence in 1945, Bandung was determined as the capital of West Java province. During the 1945–1949 war against the Dutch when they wanted to reclaim their colonies, Bandung was one of the heaviest battle places. The Dutch military commander set an ultimatum for the Indonesian combatants in Bandung to leave the city. In response, on 24 March 1946, much of the southern part of Bandung was deliberately set alight as the combatants left; an event known as the Bandung Lautan Api or 'Bandung Sea of Flame'.[15]
In 1955, the first Asian-African Conference was held in Bandung, attended by head of states representing twenty-nine countries and colonies from Asia and Africa. The conference venue was at the Gedung Merdeka, the former Concordia Society building. The conference announced 10 points of declaration on world peace promotion and oppositions against colonialism, known as the Declaration of Bandung, which followed by wave of nationalism movements around the globe and remapped the world politics.[16] The conference was also the first international conference of colored people in the history of mankind.[17] Richard Wright in his book, The Color Curtain, captured the epic meanings of the conference for people of color around the world.[17] Even black freedom movement activists in the United States referred Bandung as Afro-Asian solidarity in 1960s.[18]
In 1987, the city boundary was expanded with the Greater Bandung (Bandung Raya) plan; a relocation of higher concentration development outside the city in an attempt to dilute some of population in the old city. During its development, however, the city core is often uprooted, old faces are torn down, lot sizes regrouped, and what was idyllic residence is bustling chain supermarkets and rich banks

Bandung Geography

Bandung, the capital of West Java province, is located about 180 km (112 miles) southeast of Jakarta. Its elevation is 768 metres (2,520 feet) above sea level and is surrounded by up to 2,400 m (7,874 ft) high Late Tertiary and Quarternary volcanic terrain.[1] The 400 km² flat of central Bandung plain is situated in the middle of 2,340.88 km² wide of the Bandung Basin; the basin comprises Bandung, the Cimahi satellite city, part of Bandung Regency, and part of Sumedang Regency.[2] The basin's main river is the Citarum; one of its branches, the Cikapundung, divides Bandung from north to south before it merges with Citarum again in Karawang. The Bandung Basin is an important source of water for drinking water, irrigation and fisheries, and its 6,147 million m³ of groundwater is a major reservoir for the city.[2]

The northern part of the city is hillier than the rest; the distinguished truncated flat-peak shape of the Tangkuban Perahu volcano (Tangkuban Perahu literally means 'up-turned boat') can be seen from the city to the north. Long-term volcanic activity has created fertile andisol soil in the north, suitable for intensive rice, fruit, tea, tobacco and coffee plantations. In the south and east, alluvial soils deposited by the Cikapundung river are mostly found.
Geological data shows that the Bandung Basin is located on an ancient volcano, known as Mount Sunda, erected up to 3,000–4,000 metres (9,850–13,100 feet) during the Pleistocene age.[3] Two large scale eruptions took place; the first formed the basin and the other (est. 55,000 Before Present) blocked the Citarum river, turning the basin into a lake known as "the Great Lake of Bandung".[4] The lake drained away; the reason for which is the subject of ongoing debate among geologists.[5][6]
Due to its elevation, the climate in Bandung is cooler than most Indonesian cities and can be classified as humid; the average temperature is 23.6°C (74.5°F) throughout the year.[7] The average annual rainfall ranges from 1,000 millimetres in the central and southeast regions to 3,500 millimetres in the north of the city.[2] The wet season conforms with other Indonesian regions, around November to April.

About Bandung

Bandung is the capital of West Java province in Indonesia, and the country's fourth largest city. Located 768 m (2,520 ft) above sea level, Bandung has relatively year-around cooler temperature than most other Indonesian cities. The city lies on a river basin and surrounded by volcanic mountains. This topology provides the city with a good natural defense system, which was the primary reason of Dutch East Indies government's plan to move the colony capital from Batavia to Bandung.

The Dutch colonials first opened tea plantantions around the mountains in the eighteenth century, followed by a road construction connecting the plantation area to the capital (180 km or 112 miles to the northwest). The European inhabitants of the city demanded the establishment of a municipality (gementee), which was granted in 1906 and Bandung gradually developed itself into a resort city for the plantation owners. Luxurious hotels, restaurants, cafes and European boutiques were opened of which the city was dubbed as Parijs van Java.
After Indonesian independence, the city experienced a rapid development and urbanization that has transformed Bandung from idyllic town into a densed 15,000 people/km² metropolitan area, a living space for over 2 million people. Natural resources have been exploited excessively, particularly in the conversions of protected upland area into highland villa and real estates. Although the city has encountered many problems, ranging from waste disposal, floods to chaotic traffic system, Bandung however still has its charm to attract people flocking into the city, either as weekend travellers or living in.


Indonesia's consists of 17,508 islands, about 6,000 of which are inhabited.[57] These are scattered over both sides of the equator. The five largest islands are Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan (the Indonesian part of Borneo), New Guinea (shared with Papua New Guinea), and Sulawesi. Indonesia shares land borders with Malaysia on the island of Borneo, Papua New Guinea on the island of New Guinea, and East Timor on the island of Timor. The capital, Jakarta, is on Java and is the nation's largest city, followed by Surabaya, Bandung, Medan, and Semarang.[58]

At 1,919,440 square kilometers (741,050 mi²), Indonesia is the world's 16th-largest country in terms of land area.[59] Its average population density is 134 people per square kilometer (347 per mi²), 79th in the world,[60] although Java, the world's most populous island,[61] has a population density of 940 people per square kilometer (2,435 per mi²). At 4,884 meters (16,024 ft), Puncak Jaya in Papua is Indonesia's highest peak, and Lake Toba in Sumatra its largest lake, with an area of 1,145 square kilometers (442 mi²). The country's largest rivers are in Kalimantan, and include the Mahakam and Barito; such rivers are communication and transport links between the island's river settlements.[62]
Indonesia's location on the edges of the Pacific, Eurasian, and Australian tectonic plates, makes it the site of numerous volcanoes and frequent earthquakes. Indonesia has at least 150 active volcanoes,[63] including Krakatoa and Tambora, both famous for their devastating eruptions in the 19th century. The eruption of the Toba supervolcano, approximately 70,000 years ago, was one of the largest eruptions ever, and a global catastrophe. Recent disasters due to seismic activity include the 2004 tsunami that killed an estimated 167,736 in northern Sumatra,[64] and the Yogyakarta earthquake in 2006. However, volcanic ash is a major contributor to the high agricultural fertility that has historically sustained the high population densities of Java and Bali.[65]
Lying along the equator, Indonesia has a tropical climate, with two distinct monsoonal wet and dry seasons. Average annual rainfall in the lowlands varies from 1,780–3,175 millimeters (70–125 in), and up to 6,100 millimeters (240 in) in mountainous regions. Mountainous areas—particularly in the west coast of Sumatra, West Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Papua—receive the highest rainfall. Humidity is generally high, averaging about 80%. Temperatures vary little throughout the year; the average daily temperature range of Jakarta is 26–30 °Celsius (79–86 °F).[66]


Indonesia has around 300 ethnic groups, each with cultural differences developed over centuries, and influenced by Arabic, Chinese, Malay, and European sources. Traditional Javanese and Balinese dances, for example, contain aspects of Hindu culture and mythology, as do wayang kulit (shadow puppet) performances. Textiles such as batik, ikat and songket are created across Indonesia in styles that vary by region. The most dominant influences on Indonesian architecture have traditionally been Indian; however, Chinese, Arab, and European architectural influences have been significant. The most popular sports in Indonesia are badminton and football; Liga Indonesia is the country's premier football club league. Traditional sports include sepak takraw, and bull racing in Madura. In areas with a history of tribal warfare, mock fighting contests are held, such as, caci in Flores, and pasola in Sumba. Pencak Silat is an Indonesian martial art. Sports in Indonesia are generally male-orientated and spectator sports are often associated with illegal gambling.[114]

Indonesian cuisine varies by region and is based on Chinese, European, Middle Eastern and Indian precedents.[115] Rice is the main staple food and is served with side dishes of meat and vegetables. Spices (notably chili), coconut milk, fish and chicken are fundamental ingredients.[116] Indonesian traditional music includes gamelan and keroncong. Dangdut is a popular contemporary genre of pop music that draws influence from Arabic, Indian, and Malay folk music. The Indonesian film industry's popularity peaked in the 1980s and dominated cinemas in Indonesia,[117] although it declined significantly in the early 1990s.[118] Between 2000 and 2005, the number of Indonesian films released each year has steadily increased.[117]
The oldest evidence of writing in Indonesia is a series of Sanskrit inscriptions dated to the 5th century CE. Important figures in modern Indonesian literature include: Dutch author Multatuli, who criticized treatment of the Indonesians under Dutch colonial rule; Sumatrans Muhammad Yamin and Hamka, who were influential pre-independence nationalist writers and politicians;[119] and proletarian writer Pramoedya Ananta Toer, Indonesia's most famous novelist.[120] Indonesia has a strongly-rooted oral tradition. Media freedom in Indonesia increased considerably after the end of President Suharto's rule, during which the now-defunct Ministry of Information monitored and controlled domestic media, and restricted foreign media.[121] The TV market includes ten national commercial networks, and provincial networks that compete with public TVRI. Private radio stations carry their own news bulletins and foreign broadcasters supply programs. At a reported 18 million users in 2005,[122] Internet usage is still limited to a minority of the population.

Administrative divisions

Main articles: Provinces of Indonesia and Administrative divisions of IndonesiaAdministratively, Indonesia consists of thirty-three provinces, four of which have special status. Each province has its own political legislature and governor. The provinces are subdivided into regencies (kabupaten) and (kota), which are further subdivided into subdistricts (kecamatan), and again into village groupings (either desa or kelurahan). Following the implementation of regional autonomy measures in 2001, the regencies and cities have become the key administrative units, responsible for providing most government services. The village administration level is the most influential on a citizen's daily life, and handles matters of a village or neighborhood through an elected lurah or kepala desa (village chief).

Aceh, Jakarta, Yogyakarta, and Papua provinces have greater legislative privileges and a higher degree of autonomy from the central government than the other provinces. The Acehnese government, for example, has the right to create an independent legal system; in 2003, it instituted a form of Sharia (Islamic law).[54] Yogyakarta was granted the status of Special Region in recognition of its pivotal role in supporting Indonesian Republicans during the Indonesian Revolution.[55] Papua, formerly known as Irian Jaya, was granted special autonomy status in 2001.[56] Jakarta is the country's special capital region.
Indonesian provinces and their capitals
(Indonesian name in brackets where different from English)† indicates provinces with Special Status
* Aceh (Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam) - Banda Aceh
* North Sumatra (Sumatera Utara) - Medan
* West Sumatra (Sumatera Barat) - Padang
* Riau - Pekanbaru
* Riau Islands (Kepulauan Riau) - Tanjung Pinang
* Jambi - Jambi (city)
* South Sumatra (Sumatera Selatan) - Palembang
* Bangka-Belitung (Kepulauan Bangka-Belitung) - Pangkal Pinang
* Bengkulu - Bengkulu (city)
* Lampung - Bandar Lampung
* Jakarta - Jakarta
* Banten - Serang
* West Java (Jawa Barat) - Bandung
* Central Java (Jawa Tengah) - Semarang
* Yogyakarta Special Region - Yogyakarta (city)
* East Java (Jawa Timur) - Surabaya
Lesser Sunda Islands
* Bali - Denpasar
* West Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Barat) - Mataram
* East Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Timur) - Kupang
* West Kalimantan (Kalimantan Barat) - Pontianak
* Central Kalimantan (Kalimantan Tengah) - Palangkaraya
* South Kalimantan (Kalimantan Selatan) - Banjarmasin
* East Kalimantan (Kalimantan Timur) - Samarinda
* North Sulawesi (Sulawesi Utara) - Manado
* Gorontalo - Gorontalo (city)
* Central Sulawesi (Sulawesi Tengah) - Palu
* West Sulawesi (Sulawesi Barat) - Mamuju
* South Sulawesi (Sulawesi Selatan) - Makassar
* South East Sulawesi (Sulawesi Tenggara) - Kendari
Maluku islands
* Maluku - Ambon City
* North Maluku (Maluku Utara) - Ternate
* West Papua (Papua Barat) - Manokwari
* Papua - Jayapura



Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia), is a nation in Southeast Asia. Comprising 17,500 islands, it is the world's largest archipelagic state. With a population of over 200 million, it is the world's fourth most populous country and the most populous Muslim-majority nation, although officially it is not an Islamic state. Indonesia is a republic, with an elected parliament and president. The nation's capital city is Jakarta. The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor and Malaysia. Other neighboring countries include Singapore, the Philippines, Australia, and the Indian territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
The Indonesian archipelago has been an important trade region since at least the seventh century, when the Srivijaya Kingdom formed trade links with China. Indonesian history has been influenced by foreign powers drawn to its natural resources. Under Indian influence, Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms flourished from the early centuries CE. Muslim traders brought Islam, and European powers fought one another to monopolize trade in the Spice Islands of Maluku during the Age of Exploration. Following three and a half centuries of Dutch colonialism, Indonesia secured its independence after World War II. Indonesia's history has since been turbulent, with challenges posed by natural disasters, corruption, separatism, a democratization process, and periods of rapid economic change.
Across its many islands, Indonesia consists of distinct ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups. The Javanese are the politically dominant and largest ethnic group. As a unitary state and a nation, Indonesia has developed a shared identity defined by a national language, a majority Muslim population, and a history of colonialism and rebellion against it. Indonesia's national motto, "Bhinneka tunggal ika" ("Unity in Diversity" lit. "many, yet one"), articulates the diversity that shapes the country. However, sectarian tensions and separatism have led to violent confrontations that undermine regional stability. Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support the world's second highest level of biodiversity. The country is richly endowed with natural resources, yet poverty is a defining feature of contemporary Indonesia.


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